Motivating Special Needs Children
Children with Autism should be given small rewards every time they give appropriate responses. These ‘reinforcers’ or rewards have to be interesting enough to a child to serve as motivation and should be based on a child’s personal interests and preferences. These rewards may help in the development of their social, language, and behavioral skills. Here are some ways to effectively motivate your child:
Use of Positive Reinforcement
Praising a child for every right action made or giving him another try when he gave a wrong answer are positive reinforcements that will encourage more participation from the child and open a communication line between you.
Encourage Activities Such as ‘Social Stories’ and ‘Scripting’
These will help in the behavioral development of verbal and non-verbal children, which is very important as early detection can decrease future social isolation and improve communication skills.
Allow Them to Choose Their Own Activity
Make them choose the activity they want to do and join them at it until they initialize eye contact with you.
Use Play Therapy
Children with autism can be motivated by using teaching skills that promote play and self-expression.
It provides them with a sense of accomplishment.
Reward Children with Favorite Toys or Food
Give them something to strive for by giving them something they truly like every time they accomplish something.
Use Music Therapy
Simple and repetitive phrases can help in developing the language skills of children with autism. It also helps them change monotone speech patterns by matching their voice to music rhythms. It can also promote social interaction by motivating them to join group activities.
Integrate Activities that Affect the Level of Sensory Stimulation
This will help them adjust to different sensory stimulation, which can normally overwhelm them.
Constantly Introduce New Fun Activities
Studies showed that autistic children learn faster, stay focused, and are generally more behaved when fun tasks are regularly changed.
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